Cataract: 5 Signs That You Have A Vision Problem

The vision, is by far, the most important senses of the body. This is because any vision problem may hinder several, if not all, of day-to-day activities such as reading, writing and even walking. Without a clear vision, people may find it difficult to carry out activities may these be simple or complicated.


When you have cataract, you may find it hard to see directly. This is because there are cloudy areas in the lens inside the eye, which is normally clear. This may be one of the most common vision problems, but it should not be ignored. It’s actually one of the leading cause of vision loss among people over the age of 40.


Since this is a serious condition, here are the five early signs you shouldn’t ignore. Early diagnosis of cataracts may help save vision. If any of these signs exist, you should visit an eye doctor right away for a thorough medical exam.


  1. Ring Of Light Around Images


When a person has cataract, the light seen through the affected eye can be too intense. Often, people suffering from cataract may see a ring of light around objects. In extreme bright places, just when the sun is shining bright, people with cataracts may find it difficult to see properly. For people who are driving, too bright headlights may make them unable to see the road properly.


  1. Unclear Images


People who have cataracts may find it hard to see clearly. Specifically, images may seem fuzzy and unclear. This is because the cataract obstructs the vision. There are patches of protein on the lens of the eyes. As the cataract grows bigger, the more an affected person will find it hard to see clearly. Eventually, when this is not treated appropriately, it may lead to vision loss.


  1. Double Vision

Cataract on the lens may make a person see two images instead of one. This is called double vision or diplopia.


  1. Whitish Area On The Black Part Of The Eye


Someone may tell you that they notice a white area on the black part of the eyeball. This is called an opacified cataractous lens. When you have this, you should consult a doctor right away.


  1. Changes In Vision


People who suffer from cataracts may experience changes in vision. This is a very common symptom of cataract. They may often need new eyeglasses. Also, they may find it harder to read at a close distance that they did in the past.


Cataracts are not as urgent as other eye problems because it develops and progresses for a long time. However, it is still important to consult with an eye specialist to acquire of treatment right away. In Singapore, there are various eye centres offering services to treat cataracts. Treatments involve laser surgery and prescription eyeglasses. You should have a Singapore eye centre contact number to immediately assist you with all your queries and schedule your appointment.

Weight Loss for Women: 8 Safe and Saving Tips To Try

Whether you’ve tried losing weight before or this being the first time, weight loss for women can be different from men, and requires extra care and more plans due to their delicate being.

For those who have just started or would like to do their own diet and weight-loss plan without professional help, try these foolproof expert tips to lose a few kilos, without compromising on your health or forking out cash:


  1. Have a food journal for 1 week

Studies have found that those who write down everything they’ve eaten tend to eat 15 per cent less food than people who didn’t keep track of what they eat. The studies had also found that food diaries help in keeping people stay away from processed food and cut down on calories.


  1. Find an online weight loss buddy

Having an online weight loss buddy helps you lose weight tremendously, according to a University of Vermont study. They’ve found out that those with an online weight-loss buddy are able to maintain their weight loss better compared to dieters who met their buddies in person.


glass with health

  1. Stick to water after breakfast

You may have a glass of orange juice during breakfast, but throughout the day, you’ll need to stick to drinking only water. Keep watch of juices and sodas; though they add calories, they’re not as fulfilling.


  1. Limit TV to one hour

Studies have found that those who watch more TV tend to overeat and be less motivated to working out. Instead of watching your favourite programme on the couch, try to work out while you’re watching it.


  1. Eat only when your stomach rumbles

Many of us overeat due to frustration, bad habit, nervousness or even boredom. You need to reflect on why you eat: is it truly hunger, or just something you do to avoid dealing with your emotional issues?


  1. Sniff a peppermint, an apple or a banana when hunger strikes

An American neurological director named Alan R. Hirsch found out through one of his studies that people are less hungry when they sniff said food, even losing an average of 13.6kg.


  1. Stare at the colour blue

Studies found that the colour blue is an appetite suppressant? Ever wonder why fast food chains are filled with the colour orange, yellow and red? Because those colours encourage people to eat more.


  1. Walk up and down the stairs for 10 minutes daily

Spend at least 10 minutes a day walking up and down the stairs, as it’ll easily help you lose about 0.45kg a year, according to The Centres for Disease Control.


If you have solid discipline and abide by these weight loss for women tips consistently, you’ll likely succeed in your plan to lose weight. Good luck!

Skin Pigmentation: Causes And Treatment


The skin is the largest external organ in the body and it’s basically our first line of defense against harmful substances. However, during the process of protecting the body, it gains too much damage from both environmental irritants and harmful rays from the sun.

One common problem that the skin encounters is skin pigmentation or hyperpigmentation. It’s a common, usually harmless skin condition wherein patches of skin become darker in color than its surrounding skin.

A lot of people suffer from this condition and it takes a toll on their self-confidence. Though this condition is preventable and treatable, it is important to know more about what causes it and what treatments might actually work.


Causes Of Skin Pigmentation

The darkening of skin patches happens when an excess of melanin forms on the skin. Melanin is the brown pigment that gives human skin, hair, and eyes their color. Melanocytes are cells that produce melanin.

Skin pigmentation or hyperpigmentation looks like flat, darkened patches of skin that are light brown to black in color.

The most common causes of hyperpigmentation include skin inflammation, use of some medicines, Addison’s disease, too much sun exposure and pregnancy. Too much exposure of the skin to the sun without protection may trigger the production of melanin.

This is part of the body’s defense mechanism to protect the skin from the harmful rays of the sun. Melanin is known to absorb sunlight and dispel the sun’s harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays.


Skin Pigmentation Treatment

There many skin pigmentation treatment regimens available today. Dermatologists have developed many procedures that may help reduce the appearance of skin pigments.

Chemical peels involve the application of an acidic solution to the face, hands or feet. This will remove the surface skin layers and reveal an evenly pigmented new skin. Other treatments include laser therapies, skin care products and creams.

Premature skin aging may be a culprit to the appearance of skin pigments, wrinkles and fine lines. One of the major causes is exposure of the skin to the sun. Hence, it is important to protect the skin from the harmful UV rays by using sunscreens.

Skin pigmentation is not a life-threatening condition. However, you should also consult your dermatologist on how to prevent and treat these pigments. This will also confirm that your skin pigments are not a form of skin cancer called melanoma. This type of skin cancer is deadly, especially if it’s not treated immediately.

The Secret to Brighter Skin From Within


shutterstock_157697828Everyone wants a bright, smooth and glowing skin. Beautiful skin is one of the indicators of youth and beauty. Beauty is only skin-deep. Hence the need to care for our skins for a more radiant look. Here are some of the tips applicable to every type of skin to help you make your skin glow.

Woman Applying Sunscreen --- Image by © Royalty-Free/Corbis
1. Slather on the Sunscreen 
Applying sunscreen is one of the simplest ways to have a glowing skin. Sun exposure is the primary cause of about ninety percent of the wrinkles we have. During hot seasons and winter, always apply a sunscreen on your skin to avoid skin damage from the sun’s UV lights. Getting the best sunscreen is of the essence. Consider a formula offering a broad-spectrum protection to safeguard against the Ultra-violet rays.
2. Clean your Makeup Brushes 
Most people never wash their sponges or brushes. Brushes and sponges collect bacteria and dirt that can adversely cause skin breakout. After every two or three weeks, you should clean your loose powder brushes. Those sponges used for applying foundation should be cleaned at least once in a week. You can utilize shampoo or a facial cleanser with lukewarm water to clean the brushes. You should also use lukewarm water for rinsing and then lay them flat for drying.

Mirror reflection of a beautiful young woman with clean and soft skin smiling
3. Don’t Wait To Moisture 
Most emulsion lotions and creams contain essential elements that enhance skin moisturizing. These key elements form a protective barrier on the skins’ surface to lock in moisture. The skin cools itself through water evaporation, so it is only a matter of time before the hydration is gone. For this reason, slather on an emulsion cream with natural silicone. Your face should be damp for better results. Silicone locks up moisture for up to 24 hours plumping and ameliorating the appearance of fine lines.
4. Avoid Hot Showers 
Hot showers may feel great. However, it is one of the worst care you can give your skin. The heat in your hot shower will strip your skin of essential oils in addition to creating a mild burn. In an effort to cool the skin, your blood vessels respond through dilating. These dilations cause ruddiness and flushing on your skin. In your twenties, you may recover in less than an hour, but in your thirties, the recovery may take more than two hours. In your forties, your skin lacks the power to shrink back to its normal state leaving you ruddy all day. Consider cold showers often.
5. Take Care of your Face 
Your face is what presents you to the world. Your facial skin should be radiant always. You should wash your face properly with facial cleanser to help you tone the skin. Using a facial wash will remove dead skins, dirt, oil, make-up and other pollutants from your facial skin. The main advantage of a facial wash is that it helps unclog pores, preventing acnes and blemishes.


Following the above easy to execute tips, you can be sure of a more radiant skin. When purchasing any beauty product, it is always good to research well to avoid adverse side effects. Some products that work for your friends may not work for your skin.


Grow Your Hair Faster with Vitamins

Nobody likes to lose their hair. Hair loss affects millions of men and women worldwide, changing their self-confidence and how they feel about their appearance. Luckily there are many natural methods to prevent hair loss and even stimulate the growth of new hair. One of the best methods to grow hair faster is to take vitamins. Vitamins provide your body with the nutrients it needs to grow new healthy hair. Taking a multivitamin isn’t enough, however, because there are specific vitamins that play a major role in your body’s production of new and healthy hair.

Vitamins for Hair Growth
Vitamins for Hair Growth

While you’re probably familiar with products like Rogaine, you may not be as familiar with the vitamins that stimulate hair growth. Some contribute to the actual growth of the hair, and others make the hair strong and give it a shiny, healthy appearance. Let’s take a look at a few of the vitamins essential to the production of hair, which include:

Vitamin D–Sunlight is the best source of this valuable nutrient. However, many people either work inside or live in areas of the world where they don’t get enough sunlight. Taking Vitamin D helps the follicle cycling process so you can grow new hair.

B Complex–Niacin, biotin, and cobalamin are three important B Vitamins that keep your hair lustrous and shiny.

Iron–Most people don’t get enough iron in their diets. This can lead to hair loss, because iron helps deliver oxygen to your hair follicles, which promotes growth.

How Soon can I Expect Hair Growth?

Once you’ve begun vitamin treatment for hair loss, you can expect to see results within a month or two, although you might notice results sooner if you combine your treatment with proper diet, hydration, sleep, and exercise.

Vitamin for Hair Growth
Are Vitamins Better than Other Methods?

Using vitamins to stimulate hair growth is safer than using other chemicals. While products like Rogaine might work slightly faster, you will lose the hair that the formula helped you grow, and even start to lose the rest of your hair at a faster rate if you discontinue your use of these products. Vitamins don’t have this side effect, which makes them a popular natural alternative to hair-growth formulas.


Are Hair Loss Vitamins for You?

If you are losing your hair, you owe it to yourself to try taking vitamins for hair growth. Vitamins provide many of the same benefits as expensive pharmaceuticals at a lower cost, and without any of the side effects. You’ll be amazed how much a simple, natural treatment can change the way you look and feel.


Metabolic Surgery and Its Effects for Weight Loss

Bariatric surgery is well recognized for inducing dramatic weight loss in morbidly obese individuals. Over time, however, clinical evidence has shown that this particular surgery is also beneficial for certain metabolic and neuroendocrine conditions. As a result, traditional bariatric surgery has provided the rationale for a new and distinct surgical model, which is known as “metabolic surgery.”

The primary goal of the new model is to prevent, treat, improve or ameliorate Type 2 Diabetes and other metabolic syndrome conditions. In contrast, inducing weight loss is the primary aim of traditional bariatric surgery.

Types of Metabolic Surgical Methods

There are several metabolic surgical procedures in use today, and others are on the horizon. Thanks to laparoscopy, most of the surgeries are safe, less invasive and require fewer incisions, which leads to less pain, discomfort and shorter hospital stays. Additionally, even individuals who are 55 years old and older can enjoy the benefits (Chih¬Kun Huang, Amit Garg, Hsin-Chih Kuao,Po¬Chih Chang and Ming¬Che Hsin, 2015).

According to Rubino (2013), some of the common methods that improve or resolve the risk factors of metabolic syndrome are:

• Roux-en-Y gastric Bypass (RYGB)
• Sleeve gastrectomy (SG)
• Biliopancreatic diversion (BPD)
• Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB)
• Duodenaljejunal bypass (DJB)

Newer no-incision through the mouth metabolic surgeries for T2DM include Transoral gastroplasty (TOGA), which is a technique that is currently under clinical trial, and the Endobarrier Sleeve, which is an evidence-based and successful method. Other procedures include Ileal Interposition (II), Ileal Interposition in combination with Sleeve Gastrectomy (IISG) and Diverted Sleeve Gastrectomy (IIDSG).

According to Payab and Hasani-Ranjbar (2015), these procedures are not limited to sufferers of morbid obesity but are also used for non-obese individuals with T2DM. In these surgeries, the upper part of the stomach is removed. Additionally, through a surgical repositioning method, a section of the ileum is removed and shifted to either the duodenal or the jejunal areas. This combination leads to a decrease in the hormone Ghrelin that is associated with insulin resistance. Plasma glucose levels are also decreased.

In conclusion, according to Laing (2015), current metabolic surgical procedures are safer and have very low morbidity and mortality rates. Furthermore, clinical evidence supports their positive benefits. As with all surgical procedures, however, there are associated risks involved. That is why it is extremely important that individuals thoroughly research each procedure and discuss them fully with their healthcare providers to determine which approach is best for their particular situation.


The Machinations of Cellulite

cellulite skin on her legs

While it’s possible to find slimming pills in Singapore that feature safe and naturally derived ingredients, it’s vital that we look to the source of cellulite to extinguish it. Cellulite is merely the appearance of subcutaneous fat puckering beneath the skin. It’s a natural effect that isn’t harmful, but if you wish to lessen its appearance, there are a few key aspects to consider.

healthy and junk food concept - woman with fruits rejecting hamburger and cake

Diet – Nurturing the Machine

The most important part of any fitness plan will involve what you’re eating. Our mind and body runs on the energy we consume, so it’s only logical that a diet inundated with chemicals and preservatives will make us sluggish and pallid. Getting rid of cellulite must start from the source, so try to limit your intake of high fat foods, particularly saturated animal fats.

Of course, you don’t want to cut out fat entirely, because it’s actually very good for our skin’s health and elasticity. A weight loss diet can be effective, but it’s important to adopt habits you can keep long term. Try to eat wholesome fat sources from nuts, seeds and fruits like avocado, which are rich in essential fatty acids. In general, keeping your diet focused on vegetables, leafy greens and whole grains will help you shed excess body fat so that cellulite will diminish.

hiit-workout_0 Exercise – Training, Maintenance and Fluidity of Motion

Sufficiently training the body is also important if you want to expunge cellulite and look your most lithe and striking. When we don’t challenge our muscles, they become weak and flaccid. Strength training can help them increase in density, size and strength so that they will look more defined under the skin. When your muscles grow in health and efficiency, subcutaneous fat will be pressed more firmly against that muscle, creating a tighter, smoother appearance.

Simple body weight exercises such as lunges and squats are excellent for troublesome thigh and buttocks cellulite, but cardio is also important for overall fat and calorie burn. Moderate to high intensity aerobic exercise will help shed vestiges of cellulite while also conditioning your heart, lungs and circulation.

If you’re just starting out, walking is a simple, free and effective way to begin your fitness routine. What’s important is doing something you can keep up with consistently, so try to find a fun balance of activities you enjoy. Dancing, swimming, cycling, yoga, and martial arts are all great examples.


Hydration – Flush the Gears, Purify the Spirit

There is no life without water, it is a fundamental need. When we aren’t properly hydrated, our tissues have a tendency to swell and retain toxins that can exacerbate the appearance of cellulite. Most people don’t drink the recommended amount of water per day and are actually dehydrated without even realizing it. To combat cellulite and restore the clarity of your body and mind, try making a commitment to elevating your water intake each day, especially after strenuous activities and during exposure to high temperatures.

Ultimately, getting rid of cellulite completely may be a fruitless endeavor. Women naturally have a higher body fat percentage than men, and their skin is more pliant. Having a bit of cellulite is expected and healthy, so don’t despair if you can’t make every surface of your skin smooth. As long as you are properly feeding your body and keeping it in motion, your beauty will bloom, blossom and flourish as the Earth intended.


Star Skincare Ingredients to Treat Skin Pigmentation


The goal of every beauty routine is to help you feel comfortable in your own skin. While makeup goes a long way towards covering flaws and perfecting discolourations, it is your skincare that will give you the best long-term results.

Skin pigmentation is one of the most common concerns women of all ages struggle with. Hyperpigmentation comes in a few forms. The first is post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, or PIH. This is related to brown spots and includes discolourations left behind by acne or minor injuries. The second is post-inflammatory erythema, or PIE, which is typically red or purple scarring left behind by inflammation. Chemical burns, infected acne and sunburn can all contribute to PIE. Other skin pigmentation issues include melasma and freckles.

There is no “cure” for hyperpigmentation, but there are plenty of products available to help you fade uneven patches of skin. In addition, if you prefer a quick fix you, can always visit an aesthetic doctor in Singapore for special facials or laser treatments.

If you have the patience to fight hyperpigmentation at home, though, here are a few star skincare ingredients that will help lighten discolouration.

1. Niacinamide 

Niacinamide is common in brightening and whitening products because of its anti-inflammatory properties. It also prevents your skin from producing more melanin, which is responsible for dark pigmentation on your skin. By preventing your skin from making more melanin, you are effectively stopping any hyperpigmentation from worsening while also healing it. Look for this ingredient in concentrations up to 5 percent for maximum effect.

2. Vitamin C 

Vitamin C comes in many forms, so any skin type can benefit from its antioxidant and melanin-inhibiting properties. L-ascorbic acid is the most common type, but other, gentler forms exist for those with sensitive skin. Vitamin C is also photoprotective, which means it helps protect your skin from the sun’s harmful rays while you repair the damage.

3. Retinoids 

Retinoids are vitamin A derivatives that can be found over-the-counter and by prescription. Most products that contain retinoids are marketed as anti-aging because they help speed skin cell turnover and increase collagen production. This means your face can shed damaged skin cells faster, revealing fresh, even-toned skin underneath.


4. Alpha Hydroxy Acid 

Alpha hydroxy acids, or AHAs, are naturally occurring acids that can be used to shed hyperpigmented skin cells faster. They are also helpful for unclogging pores and refining skin texture, which can help prevent breakouts that cause more discolouration. It’s best to start with a low concentration product and introduce it slowly to see the quickest results.

5. Hydroquinone 

Hydroquinone is the most effective way to fight hyperpigmentation. It targets the melanin production centers of your skin, which means you only need to use it as a spot treatment. A two percent concentration is enough to see noticeable results.

As always, the most effective treatment is prevention. That means dedicated, daily use of a broad-spectrum sunscreen on exposed skin. Long-term use of the ingredients in this post will help make your skin flawless with no makeup necessary.


How Often Should You Clean Your Face?

There are a few things to consider when answering this question. One important thing to consider is the fact that there has never been a comprehensive study conducted to find out if there are any serious drawbacks facing people who wash their face frequently.

Therefore, our advice comes from dermatologists who speak directly from experience. It certainly seems important to point out that the best facial washis compatible with your unique skin. It is also important to distinguish between the different types of face-washing procedures because they might serve different purposes. If your face gets dirty, clean it right away, for example.
Frequency of Face Washing 

Common knowledge about washing the face is fairly simple. Most experts suggest washing once in the morning and once at night. However, some doctors now recommend only washing at night. There are other things to consider as well. Frequency is just one part of this issue because various products produce different results. In addition, it is important to use products that are free from harsh chemicals.

The best facial wash is a product that allows you to clean the face multiple times comfortably. However, certain types of products can dry out the skin, which will probably reduce the number of times you want to wash your face. Many synthetic soaps are appropriate for daily washing because they are formulated so that the product remains close to the pH level of the skin.
Environmental Impacts 

Many people experience visible changes in their skin over time, and this is normal. Aging skin has different properties than young skin, so it is important to adapt to these changes as you grow older. One of the environmental conditions that can affect skin texture is the amount of sun exposure over a lifetime. This exposure can produce blemishes, wrinkles and lines. It can also reduce the amount of elasticity in the skin, and this can ultimately influence the amount of times you are comfortable washing your face. As a rule of thumb, the best type of facial treatmentis the one that produces positive results.
Facial Treatment for Sensitive Skin 

People who have extremely sensitive skin may need to consider a few extra things when deciding how often to wash the face. One of these items is the ingredients of the skin cleanser. Using an acidic cleaner will be more likely to irritate the skin than an alkaline face wash. For example, certain types of soaps can dry out the skin or cause irritation, and this includes even mild soap designed for people with soft, sensitive skin.

Exfoliating should not be done every day because this is too harsh for the skin, which needs to recover. When applying an exfoliating scrub, only use light pressure. It is a mistake to rub the skin vigorously, for this can cause excess irritation. This can be done once or twice a month, and it is a great way to remove the dead skin cells from the dermal surface.



The Challenges of Treating Shoulder Pain in Athletes


Athletes participating in sports that require a quick acceleration and deceleration of the arm, such as baseball and softball pitchers, tennis players, handball players, and javelin throwers, are particularly susceptible to developingshoulder pain. This is due to the extreme amount of stress that these activities place on the joints that make up the shoulder. The following examines why the treatment of these types of injuries is often challenging and unpredictable.
Identifying the Cause of Shoulder Pain:

Shoulder problems are one of the more difficult sports-related injuries to diagnose. First, the shoulder is made up of four joints. An issue with any of these joints can result in pain and impaired athletic performance. Injuries can also affect structures located deep within the shoulder, which makes them difficult examine manually. Finally, different kinds of injuries can cause similar type pain. For example, rotator cuff tendonitis, bicep tendonitis, and a rotator cuff tear can all cause pain at the front of the shoulder. This is where the clinician has to utilise a systematic exam approach and rely on their experience to determine which group of symptoms and findings should be considered abnormal for the particular patient.
Shoulder Pain Treatment:

Shoulder problems often develop during adolescence. Overuse and growth plate injuries are the most common problems seen in adolescent athletes. Rest is one of the best ways to prevent fatigue and injuries; however, prolonged rest should be avoided since that can lead to deconditioning. Ice therapy and over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatories can help reduce pain and inflammation. Physical therapy may also be beneficial in restoring proper muscle balance. Arthroscopic surgery may be required if conservative treatments are unsuccessful. The type of surgery required and the level of performance that can be expected post-surgery varies with the kind of injury.

At Providence Orthopaedic Singapore, we specialise in arthroscopic surgery and the treatment of various types of sports injuries. We offer a variety of medical and surgical treatments for shoulder pain that are designed to help you get back to work and play.