Cataract: 5 Signs That You Have A Vision Problem

The vision, is by far, the most important senses of the body. This is because any vision problem may hinder several, if not all, of day-to-day activities such as reading, writing and even walking. Without a clear vision, people may find it difficult to carry out activities may these be simple or complicated.


When you have cataract, you may find it hard to see directly. This is because there are cloudy areas in the lens inside the eye, which is normally clear. This may be one of the most common vision problems, but it should not be ignored. It’s actually one of the leading cause of vision loss among people over the age of 40.


Since this is a serious condition, here are the five early signs you shouldn’t ignore. Early diagnosis of cataracts may help save vision. If any of these signs exist, you should visit an eye doctor right away for a thorough medical exam.


  1. Ring Of Light Around Images


When a person has cataract, the light seen through the affected eye can be too intense. Often, people suffering from cataract may see a ring of light around objects. In extreme bright places, just when the sun is shining bright, people with cataracts may find it difficult to see properly. For people who are driving, too bright headlights may make them unable to see the road properly.


  1. Unclear Images


People who have cataracts may find it hard to see clearly. Specifically, images may seem fuzzy and unclear. This is because the cataract obstructs the vision. There are patches of protein on the lens of the eyes. As the cataract grows bigger, the more an affected person will find it hard to see clearly. Eventually, when this is not treated appropriately, it may lead to vision loss.


  1. Double Vision

Cataract on the lens may make a person see two images instead of one. This is called double vision or diplopia.


  1. Whitish Area On The Black Part Of The Eye


Someone may tell you that they notice a white area on the black part of the eyeball. This is called an opacified cataractous lens. When you have this, you should consult a doctor right away.


  1. Changes In Vision


People who suffer from cataracts may experience changes in vision. This is a very common symptom of cataract. They may often need new eyeglasses. Also, they may find it harder to read at a close distance that they did in the past.


Cataracts are not as urgent as other eye problems because it develops and progresses for a long time. However, it is still important to consult with an eye specialist to acquire of treatment right away. In Singapore, there are various eye centres offering services to treat cataracts. Treatments involve laser surgery and prescription eyeglasses. You should have a Singapore eye centre contact number to immediately assist you with all your queries and schedule your appointment.

Patella Dislocation: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment And Prevention

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The knee is one of the largest and strongest joints in the body. This is because it can carry the body’s weight most of the time during the day. When one is walking, standing, running or even jumping, the knees play a pivotal role in making sure there is balance, equilibrium and stability.


However, when the knees get injured, it may causes severe pain and swelling. For worse cases, it can alter one’s gait and hinder activities of day-to-day life.


What Is Patellar Dislocation?


Patella dislocation is an injury that occurs when the triangle-shaped bone covering the knee slides out of place. Patella is a name pertaining to the knee cap. This usually results from sudden trauma in the form of a twist or direct blow to the knee. This will lead to the patella, popping out of its normal position.


Patella Dislocation Causes


Knee cap or patella dislocation is more commonly seen in women. This happens when the person suddenly twists his or her knee to another direction when the leg is planted. Due stress is exerted on the knee cap and dislocation may occur. Aside from women, athletes are also prone to this injury. Another cause of patellar dislocation is direct trauma to the knee.


knee-dislocationPatella Dislocation Symptoms


The most common and initial symptom of patellar dislocation is pain. The knee may appear to be deformed, bent, or dislocates to the outside of the knee. After the injury and through the coming days, swelling may worsen. However, the knee cap may return to its normal position but the pain and swelling are still there.


Treatment Options For Patella Dislocation


When patella dislocation happen, it’s important to apply first aid right away. This will prevent further injury to the knee. Apply splints to stabilize the knee and get medical attention.


Doctors may request for a knee x-ray or sometimes, a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to make sure the dislocation did not cause a fracture or cartilage damage. Applying cold compress is also important to reduce swelling.


For worse cases, the knee cap may be returned by a health care professional and for others, a surgery will be required.


How To Prevent Patella Dislocation?


Knee cap dislocations can be prevented by performing simple strengthening exercises for the knees. Strong knee muscles can help reduce the recovery time from an injury. Also, it will help reduce the risk of future dislocations. Proper body mechanics in moving around, lifting things and performing physical work should be implemented to reduce strain and stress on the knees.


The knees are very important. Thus, making sure that they are strong enough is crucial to prevent patella dislocations. This type of injury can hinder day-to-day activities, that is why taking care of the knees should be one of the top priorities, especially for those who are always on-the-go or for those who engage in combative sports.

Weight Loss for Women: 8 Safe and Saving Tips To Try

Whether you’ve tried losing weight before or this being the first time, weight loss for women can be different from men, and requires extra care and more plans due to their delicate being.

For those who have just started or would like to do their own diet and weight-loss plan without professional help, try these foolproof expert tips to lose a few kilos, without compromising on your health or forking out cash:


  1. Have a food journal for 1 week

Studies have found that those who write down everything they’ve eaten tend to eat 15 per cent less food than people who didn’t keep track of what they eat. The studies had also found that food diaries help in keeping people stay away from processed food and cut down on calories.


  1. Find an online weight loss buddy

Having an online weight loss buddy helps you lose weight tremendously, according to a University of Vermont study. They’ve found out that those with an online weight-loss buddy are able to maintain their weight loss better compared to dieters who met their buddies in person.


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  1. Stick to water after breakfast

You may have a glass of orange juice during breakfast, but throughout the day, you’ll need to stick to drinking only water. Keep watch of juices and sodas; though they add calories, they’re not as fulfilling.


  1. Limit TV to one hour

Studies have found that those who watch more TV tend to overeat and be less motivated to working out. Instead of watching your favourite programme on the couch, try to work out while you’re watching it.


  1. Eat only when your stomach rumbles

Many of us overeat due to frustration, bad habit, nervousness or even boredom. You need to reflect on why you eat: is it truly hunger, or just something you do to avoid dealing with your emotional issues?


  1. Sniff a peppermint, an apple or a banana when hunger strikes

An American neurological director named Alan R. Hirsch found out through one of his studies that people are less hungry when they sniff said food, even losing an average of 13.6kg.


  1. Stare at the colour blue

Studies found that the colour blue is an appetite suppressant? Ever wonder why fast food chains are filled with the colour orange, yellow and red? Because those colours encourage people to eat more.


  1. Walk up and down the stairs for 10 minutes daily

Spend at least 10 minutes a day walking up and down the stairs, as it’ll easily help you lose about 0.45kg a year, according to The Centres for Disease Control.


If you have solid discipline and abide by these weight loss for women tips consistently, you’ll likely succeed in your plan to lose weight. Good luck!

Skin Pigmentation: Causes And Treatment


The skin is the largest external organ in the body and it’s basically our first line of defense against harmful substances. However, during the process of protecting the body, it gains too much damage from both environmental irritants and harmful rays from the sun.

One common problem that the skin encounters is skin pigmentation or hyperpigmentation. It’s a common, usually harmless skin condition wherein patches of skin become darker in color than its surrounding skin.

A lot of people suffer from this condition and it takes a toll on their self-confidence. Though this condition is preventable and treatable, it is important to know more about what causes it and what treatments might actually work.


Causes Of Skin Pigmentation

The darkening of skin patches happens when an excess of melanin forms on the skin. Melanin is the brown pigment that gives human skin, hair, and eyes their color. Melanocytes are cells that produce melanin.

Skin pigmentation or hyperpigmentation looks like flat, darkened patches of skin that are light brown to black in color.

The most common causes of hyperpigmentation include skin inflammation, use of some medicines, Addison’s disease, too much sun exposure and pregnancy. Too much exposure of the skin to the sun without protection may trigger the production of melanin.

This is part of the body’s defense mechanism to protect the skin from the harmful rays of the sun. Melanin is known to absorb sunlight and dispel the sun’s harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays.


Skin Pigmentation Treatment

There many skin pigmentation treatment regimens available today. Dermatologists have developed many procedures that may help reduce the appearance of skin pigments.

Chemical peels involve the application of an acidic solution to the face, hands or feet. This will remove the surface skin layers and reveal an evenly pigmented new skin. Other treatments include laser therapies, skin care products and creams.

Premature skin aging may be a culprit to the appearance of skin pigments, wrinkles and fine lines. One of the major causes is exposure of the skin to the sun. Hence, it is important to protect the skin from the harmful UV rays by using sunscreens.

Skin pigmentation is not a life-threatening condition. However, you should also consult your dermatologist on how to prevent and treat these pigments. This will also confirm that your skin pigments are not a form of skin cancer called melanoma. This type of skin cancer is deadly, especially if it’s not treated immediately.

The Secret to Brighter Skin From Within


shutterstock_157697828Everyone wants a bright, smooth and glowing skin. Beautiful skin is one of the indicators of youth and beauty. Beauty is only skin-deep. Hence the need to care for our skins for a more radiant look. Here are some of the tips applicable to every type of skin to help you make your skin glow.

Woman Applying Sunscreen --- Image by © Royalty-Free/Corbis
1. Slather on the Sunscreen 
Applying sunscreen is one of the simplest ways to have a glowing skin. Sun exposure is the primary cause of about ninety percent of the wrinkles we have. During hot seasons and winter, always apply a sunscreen on your skin to avoid skin damage from the sun’s UV lights. Getting the best sunscreen is of the essence. Consider a formula offering a broad-spectrum protection to safeguard against the Ultra-violet rays.
2. Clean your Makeup Brushes 
Most people never wash their sponges or brushes. Brushes and sponges collect bacteria and dirt that can adversely cause skin breakout. After every two or three weeks, you should clean your loose powder brushes. Those sponges used for applying foundation should be cleaned at least once in a week. You can utilize shampoo or a facial cleanser with lukewarm water to clean the brushes. You should also use lukewarm water for rinsing and then lay them flat for drying.

Mirror reflection of a beautiful young woman with clean and soft skin smiling
3. Don’t Wait To Moisture 
Most emulsion lotions and creams contain essential elements that enhance skin moisturizing. These key elements form a protective barrier on the skins’ surface to lock in moisture. The skin cools itself through water evaporation, so it is only a matter of time before the hydration is gone. For this reason, slather on an emulsion cream with natural silicone. Your face should be damp for better results. Silicone locks up moisture for up to 24 hours plumping and ameliorating the appearance of fine lines.
4. Avoid Hot Showers 
Hot showers may feel great. However, it is one of the worst care you can give your skin. The heat in your hot shower will strip your skin of essential oils in addition to creating a mild burn. In an effort to cool the skin, your blood vessels respond through dilating. These dilations cause ruddiness and flushing on your skin. In your twenties, you may recover in less than an hour, but in your thirties, the recovery may take more than two hours. In your forties, your skin lacks the power to shrink back to its normal state leaving you ruddy all day. Consider cold showers often.
5. Take Care of your Face 
Your face is what presents you to the world. Your facial skin should be radiant always. You should wash your face properly with facial cleanser to help you tone the skin. Using a facial wash will remove dead skins, dirt, oil, make-up and other pollutants from your facial skin. The main advantage of a facial wash is that it helps unclog pores, preventing acnes and blemishes.


Following the above easy to execute tips, you can be sure of a more radiant skin. When purchasing any beauty product, it is always good to research well to avoid adverse side effects. Some products that work for your friends may not work for your skin.