Myopia (short-sightedness): causes and treatment options

Myopia, more commonly known as short-sightedness, is an eye condition wherein people can see clearly the objects near them, but are unable to focus on those that are situated far from them. This occurs due to the unusual shape of the eyeball and the cornea. The eyeball may be too long or the cornea may be too curved, and the light entering the eye is not focused properly, which is why far away objects may seem blurred.

Causes of myopia 

myopia-affected-your-vision-and-should-go-sg-eye-clinic-earlierShort-sightedness could be genetic. This means that parents with myopia may pass this trait to their children, which can manifest at an early age. Myopia can also develop in people who spend a lot of time reading, working in front of a computer screen, and other activities that demand intense visual work.

In most cases, myopia develops in children, ages 7-10.  As the eye develops, myopia typically progresses, and may worsen as they age. For middle-aged adults, myopia may manifest due to an underlying condition such as diabetes.

Treatment options      

Looking through glasses at an eye exam chart

If you notice that your vision is a bit blurred when looking at far away objects, you should consult an eye doctor on how to treat myopia and know what options are available for your condition.

The most popular choice for people with myopia is corrective eyeglasses. This is the primary treatment recommended for children and teenagers. In some cases, those with myopia are only asked to wear their glasses during certain activities such as reading and driving. However, some cases may require the patient to wear the glasses all the time, especially for those that are very short-sighted.

Contact lenses also help manage short-sightedness. Because the thin lenses are worn directly over the eye, it provides a clearer vision and a much wider field of vision than that of eyeglasses. The only downside to using contact lenses is that they require meticulous and proper care to maintain eye health.

eye-lasik-surgery-can-be-done-in-sg-eyes-clinicSome people with myopia opt for laser procedures such as LASIK. With the use of a laser, the shape of the cornea is corrected by removing the precise amount of corneal tissue. Once the cornea is reshaped, the light that enters the eye is now focused correctly even when viewing objects from a distance.

If you are suffering from myopia, it would be best to compare the treatment options available and determine which one is perfect for you. It is also best to consult an optometrist and undergo a comprehensive eye exam to determine the right treatment for your vision problem. Visit your nearest Singapore eye clinic today.